Much of what will trend in 2018 in the renewables and broader energy space will be founded in the advancement of the digital grid (Read the story here), but there are other important trends to keep an eye on where sustainable energy is concerned. Here are four trends to follow in the New Year.
Energy Storage Knowledge
As more people take up the call for the installation of a fleet of energy storage to support renewables integration into the power mix, there has been a considerable effort to understand how storage works and where it will bring the most benefit.
Energy storage pilot, demonstration and trial projects cropped up all around the world in 2017.
One demonstration project in Texas, for example, sought to develop training and education about storage for utilities, while another in Hawaii identified how aggregated storage can form virtual power plants. Proposals for trials in New York were requested in order to optimize commercially available technologies. In the U.K., a trail began to source and optimize recycled electric vehicle batteries for homeowners, and in Australia, a trial now is under way to highlight the benefits of storage combined with solar in remote communities.
Those examples are just a small selection of the ways that energy stakeholders are building up knowledge surrounding the many different options for storing energy and where storage can support renewables development. Expect to see not only a variety of new trials and demonstrations be announced in 2018, but also the results of completed and ongoing projects of this kind make their way into the hands of policy makers as they work to discern the value of storage to the stability of a green and resilient power grid.
Solar plus storage has been popularized not only by its inherent benefits to homeowners, but by the likes of Telsa, which, at the end of 2017, opened its New York showroom for electric vehicles, solar rooftop systems, and batteries. Now, utility-scale wind plus storage is starting to follow in the footsteps of its behind-the-meter cousin.
Utilities and renewable energy developers in the U.S., France, Spain and Sweden in 2017 announced they either started or have completed projects that integrate batteries with wind power projects in their portfolios. And offshore wind got in on the action, with Orsted saying in August 2017 that it contracted ABB to install battery storage for the 90-MW Burbo Bank offshore wind project, and several bids, each with its own version of storage opportunity, coming in for a December 2017 Massachusetts offshore wind tender.
With the global wind power fleet growing older, expect to hear additional announcements come out in 2018 regarding energy storage integration with wind as part of a bigger story about repowering aging wind farms. Operators are looking for ways to make their projects last longer and improve efficiency and financial metrics. Storage will pair nicely with those goals.
Offshore Wind Hot Spot
In the offshore wind sector, the U.S. East Coast was one hot spot to watch in 2017, and frankly, that won’t change much in 2018.
Existing projects are going to begin maturing through the development process and the finer issues will emerge on environmental and other fronts that will be the lessons for more projects down the road. Clarity will come in terms of the cost of the energy for East Coast projects. More states will work to find their own paths and follow the early leaders, such as Rhode Island, New York and Massachusetts. Keep an eye on New Jersey, and expect the new governor there, Phil Murphy, to make progress in 2018 where the previous administration dragged its feet for many years.
Stakeholders also will begin to iron out questions about infrastructure and supply chain for building the early fleet of projects lined up for the next 10 years. Those infrastructure resolutions may come in the form of regional partnerships on ports, marine fleets, and labor. And watch for announcements from supply chain stakeholders, such as for blades, turbines and foundations, to make announcements about U.S. manufacturing expansions.
In cities around the world, waste management is a rising crisis, and in many regions, governments are turning to waste-to-energy facilities to control landfill expansion. New Dehli, for example, is facing a serious landfill dilemma over the next five years, when it expects city waste to require an area equal to 7 percent of the city’s land. To resolve the issue, the Indian government hopes to build a waste-to-energy plant that would process one-third of the city’s waste.
China, too, has made waste-to-energy a priority. China Everbright International this year secured its eighteenth waste-to-energy project in Shandong Province alone.
And so the story goes in Latin America, North America, the European Union, the United Arab Emirates, and ever more regions. Despite all that effort, however, there is a great deal of progress to be made in putting waste-to-energy policy in place, which in turn would drive the infrastructure build out for this industry. In 2018, expect the number of new project announcements from existing players to remain steady, while progress on the policy front ticks up as the result of a call for change from residents of the largest, sustainably oriented cities around the world.