When Donald Trump launched his Made in America trade strategy, he probably didn’t intend his domestic manufacturing base to become foreign-owned.
But Chinese PV companies facing punitive Section 201import tariffs on solar cells and modules are drawing up plans to establish manufacturing facilities on US soil to get around the problem, according to a report by BMI Research.
Faced with familiar overcapacity problems domestically – with a reported 100 GW annual manufacturing capacity in China and in-country demand expected to fall from last year’s record 53 GW – big players like Jinko Solar have already committed to coming to America to hedge against a slowing Chinese market.
According to the BMI Research report, manufacturers based in what is expected to be the world’s biggest PV market up to 2027 are eyeing the anticipated second and third largest marketplaces over the same period – the U.S.A and India, who between them are expected to add 153 GW over the next decade, compared to a predicted 148 GW market in the rest of the world, excluding China.
With the Indian and US governments mooting aggressively domestic-first trade policies, Chinese manufacturers may have to invest in setting up manufacturing facilities and establishing supply chains in their target markets, although the BMI report suggests companies like Jinko and Trina Solar could bet on India for both markets, as Indian-made cells and modules are exempt from the US’ Section 201 tariffs or could instead opt for factories in Brazil, Turkey or South Africa.
The dilemma facing Chinese manufacturers is whether to invest in the costly and time-consuming step of setting up in the US, given the unpredictable nature of Trump’s presidency. Only yesterday US Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin announced positive talks with a Chinese trade delegation had averted the prospect of a wider trade war. The characteristically vague nature of the announcement however, illustrates the decision facing the big Chinese PV players, with BMI reporting Trina Solar chairman Gao Jifan believes the viability of investing in facilities Statesside remains uncertain.